Course: 1 Pre-Lesson: D – Coming and Going

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Course 1 Lesson D
Coming and Going
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 About This Lesson このレッスンについてSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

BEFORE THE LESSON

Understand how to use desu and the question marker ka that were introduced in Lesson 1.

FROM THE TEACHERS

Remember the phrase Dore desu ka. and Docchi desu ka.(Which one is it?). .
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 New Phrases 新しいフレーズSubmit a Question
Here in the NEW PHRASES section you don't have to think about the grammar of each phrase. Simply memorize these phrases to increase your conversation skills.
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D-1. Daily Greetings

Try to use the new phrases below every day with your friends and family.

1. Ohayou gozaimasu.
The short version of Ohayou gozaimasu. is and is normally only used with friends, family and people you have a casual relationship with.

2. konnichiwa
The sound of the double consonant ‘nn’ in konnichiwa is held longer than just one “n”.

3. konbanwa
This is only used when you first meet with someone in the evening. It cannot be used at the end of an evening.

4.
The short version, oyasumi, should only be used with friends, family and people you have a casual relationship with.

5. Arigatou gozaimasu.
arigatou is shorter more casual way to say “Thank you”. In real life, you will rarely hear the often-taught version

D-2. Leaving and returning home.

The following phrases are said everyday by millions of Japanese people as they leave and
arrive home:

1. itte kimasu.
This phrase is said when you leave your home. It can also be said when you are leaving any place to which you plan to return.

2. itterasshai.
This is the response to itte kimasu.. This phrase is said to someone who is leaving and will be back. itterasshai. is normally only used in situations when the person leaving will return in a relatively short time.

3. Tadaima.
This phrase is commonly used when arriving home. It can also be used when returning to a place you recently left.

4. Okaerinasai.
This is the response to Tadaima.. It can also be said to someone who has just returned to a place they have been before.
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 Additional Vocabulary 補充単語Submit a Question
The following words will possibly be used in the following lessons. Vocabulary is very important to attaining fluency in Japanese. The more words you know, the closer you will be to fluency!

Group A: the body

kuchi mouth
me eye
mimi ear
hana nose
te hand
ashi foot (feet), leg (legs)
yubi finger
atama head
ha tooth (teeth)
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Group B: bed and bath

makura pillow
beddo bed
futon futon (quilt)
moufu blanket
taoru towel
(o)furo bath
sekken soap
haburashi toothbrush
kagami mirror
mado window
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 Related Videos 関連ビデオSubmit a Question
The video(s) below help explain what is taught in this lesson. It is recommended that you first complete the lesson and then watch the video(s).

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 Ask-A-Teacher 

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