Course: 1 Lesson: 9 – Days, weeks, and years

Course 1 Lesson 9
New Year's Day
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Natsumi Sensei


Know the following hiragana: やゆよ and わをん
Know how to say dates and months in Japanese.
Know how to use でした.


This lesson is easy! Just don’t forget what you did in Lesson 8.
 New Vocabulary 新しい単語Submit a Question
By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced. You can add any word, sentence or phrase to your "Notebook" by clicking on the word and then the save icon.
Japanese English Word Type
なんようび what day of the week? question
なんねん what year? question
いま now noun
おととい the day before yesterday noun
あさって the day after tomorrow noun
せんshuう last week noun
こんshuう this week noun
raいshuう next week noun
せんげつ last month noun
こんげつ this month noun
raいげつ next month noun
kyoねん last year noun
ことし this year noun
raいねん next year noun
せいねんがっぴ date of birth noun
かんshaさい Thanksgiving noun
がんじつ New Year's Day noun
Pa-ti- party noun
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 New Phrases 新しいフレーズSubmit a Question
Here in the NEW PHRASES section you don't have to think about the grammar of each phrase. Simply memorize these phrases to increase your conversation skills.
1. あけまして おめでとう.
Happy New Year.
2. なんねん うまre です か.
What year were you born in?
3. なんようび です か.
What day of the week is it?
4. なんねん です か.
What year is it?
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 Dates and Times 日付と時間Submit a Question
There most likely won't be any day where you interact with people and don't use a time, date, or time span. Whether it be riding a train or planning a lunch, knowing dates and times is important.

9-1. Days of the week

Here are the Japanese days of the week.

Weekdays ~ようび
Monday げつようび
Tuesday かようび
Wednesday すいようび
Thursday もくようび
Friday きんようび
Saturday どようび
Sunday にちようび
Monday – Sunday げつようび ~ にちようび
 Culture Clip カルチャー・クリップSubmit a Question
Culture plays an important role in learning Japanese. Knowledge of modern and traditional culture will help you retain more information and learn faster!

Japan’s New Year にほんの おしょうがつ

New Year’s in Japan is the most important holiday. It is as important in Japan as Christmas is in the United States. From January 1st up until one week after, Japan almost comes to a stop. Most stores and companies are closed while everyone celebrates the New Year.

 Grammar 文法Submit a Question
The Grammar sections of each lesson give you the building blocks necessary to speak Japanese properly. Make sure that you read and understand each section.

9-2. Expressing the year

ねん literally means “year.” To state a year you simply say the number of the year and add ねん to it. In Japanese, years cannot be represented as they are in English. For example, you cannot express 1998 as “nineteen—ninety—eight.” The full number must be stated.

1. せんkyuうhyaく はちjuうねん
the year 1980
2. せん はppyaく いちねん
the year 1801
3. にせん juうねん
the year 2010

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Example Q&A
1.       あなた は なんねん うまre です か.
    せん kyuうhyaく roくjuう よねん です。あした は たんjoうび です.
    せん kyuうhyaく ななjuう ごねん です.

 What year were you born?
 1964. Tomorrow is my birthday.
2.       ことし は なんねん です か.
    せん kyuうhyaく kyuうjuう kyuうねん です.

 What year is it this year?
 It is 1999.

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Mini Quiz
Click the to reveal the English.
1. Raいねん は せん kyuうhyaく ごjuう いちねん です.
2. Kyoねん は にせん さんねんでした.

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9-3. Next Friday, last March, etc.

When saying things like “Monday of last week” or “May of next year,” you must link the words together with . In the following examples, means “of.”

1. raいshuう の きんようび
Friday of next week
2. こんshuう の げつようび
Monday of this week
3. raいげつ の juうごにち
the 15th of next month
4. せんげつ の ついたち
the 1st of last month
5. ことし の さんがつ
March of this year
6. kyoねん の はちがつ
August of last year
7. せん kyuうhyaく ごjuうねん の にがつ
February of 1950
8. にせん ごhyaくねん の roくがつ
June of 2500

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Mini Quiz
Click the to reveal the English.
1. こんshuう の もくようび は わたし の たんjoうび です.
2. Raいげつ の さんjuういちにち は harouィ-n です.

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 Question and Answer 質問と答えSubmit a Question
Each question is presented with several potential answers. To test your pronunciation, try each question and answer out loud before you click the sound button.

1. なんようび です か.
げつようび です.
きんようび です.
すいようび です.
What day of the week is it?
It's Monday.
It's Friday.
It's Wednesday.
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2. Kyoう は なんようび です か.
Kyoう は どようび です.
Kyoう は にちようび です.
What day is today?
Today is Saturday.
Today is Sunday.
I don't know.
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3. Pa-ti- は いつ です か.
Pa-ti- は あさって です.
Pa-ti- は kyoう です.
Raいshuう の きんようび です.
When is the party?
The party is the day after tomorrow.
The party is today.
It is Friday of next week.
It was yesterday.
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4. かんshaさい は いつ です か.
Juういちがつ にjuうななにち です.
Raいげつ です.
When is Thanksgiving?
It's on November 27th.
It was last week.
It is next month.
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5. せんkyuうhyaく さんjuうごねん の kurisumasu は なんようびでした か.
What day of the week was Christmas of 1935?
Maybe it was Thursday.
It was on Sunday.
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 More Practice 補充練習Submit a Question
In this section we will practice what was taught in the lesson and reinforce what was taught in prior lessons. Any new words or expressions are listed in the section.
A:     こんshuう の きんようび は わたし の たんjoうび です.
B:     そう です か。たんjoうびおめでとう.
A:     あriがとう.
B:     なんねんうまre です か.
A:     せんkyuうhyaくななjuうさんねんうまre です.
B:     わたし も です。わたし の たんjoうび は せんkyuうhyaくななjuうさんねん の roくがつみっか です.
A:     ほんとう?
B:     たんjoうびpa-ti-は、いつ です か.
A:     こんshuう の どようび です.

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New words and expressions
ほんとう? Is that true? Really?
わたしも Me too.

Course 1 Lesson 9
Hiragana らりるれろ
 New Characters 新しい字Submit a Question
Learning the correct stroke order of the new characters is important, especially as your writing speed increases. The strokes are marked with arrows and numbers.
ra ri ru re ro
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 Writing Styles 書くスタイルSubmit a Question
This section shows you the various acceptable styles for writing in Japanese. The red character is a great example hand written Hiragana.
ra ri ru re ro
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 Hiragana Words You Can Write 書ける言葉Submit a Question
You should practice writing these words at least 5 times each. Be sure to pay attention to stroke order. By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced.

りんご apple
べんり convenient
かんり management
かみなり thunder
らいげつ next month
れいぞうこ refrigerator
ろうそく candle
よる night
れいぶん an example sentence
わすれもの a forgotten item
めずらしい rare
どろぼう a thief
あらし a storm
こおり ice
らんぼう violent
こんらん confusion
れんらく contact
たる a barrel
ろうじん old person (senior)
らくがき graffiti
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 Lesson Quizzes クイズSubmit a Question
The quizzes will test your understanding of the material taught in each lesson. You can take each quiz as many times as you want to. The correct answers will be show at the end of the quiz.
 Additional Vocabulary 補充単語Submit a Question
The following words will possibly be used in the following lessons. Vocabulary is very important to attaining fluency in Japanese. The more words you know, the closer you will be to fluency!

Group L: nature

やま mountain
あめ rain
たいよう the sun
つき the moon
ゆき snow
はru spring
なつ summer
あき fall, autumn
ふゆ winter
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 Download Area ダウンロードSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

Hiragana RA RI RU RE RO Writing Practice Sheet

 Related Videos 関連ビデオSubmit a Question
The video(s) below help explain what is taught in this lesson. It is recommended that you first complete the lesson and then watch the video(s).

 Days of the Week Submit a Question
 Hiragana Match Submit a Question
 New Words 1 Submit a Question
 New Words 2 Submit a Question
 Chizu Challenge Submit a Question
 YesJapan Kana Attack! Submit a Question
 YesJapan Strike! Submit a Question

There are currently no questions for this lesson.