|Here in the NEW PHRASES section you don't have to think about the grammar of each phrase. Simply memorize these phrases to increase your conversation skills.|
|4.||なnがつ です か.|
|What month is it?|
|5.||なnにち です か.|
|What day of the month is it?|
|6.||なnがつ、なnにち です か.|
|What month and day of the month is it?|
|By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced. You can add any word, sentence or phrase to your "Notebook" by clicking on the word and then the save icon.|
|There most likely won't be any day where you interact with people and don't use a time, date, or time span. Whether it be riding a train or planning a lunch, knowing dates and times is important.|
Saying the months in Japanese is easy. As long as you can count from 1 to 12 you will be able to easily master the months.
|January – December||いちがつ ～ juうにがつ|
8-2. Days of the month
Learning the months was easy, but the days of the months are a bit more of a challenge. The first 10 days of the month are totally not what you might expect. They use a pattern of counting that isn’t officially introduced until Lesson 11 of this course, but the good news is that if you learn the days of the month you will have an easier time in Lesson 11.
After you get past the first 10 days the remaining days are easy. You simply add にち to the number. There are only 3 days that don’t follow this pattern: the 14th, 20th and 24th.
|Days of the Month にち|
|1st – 31st||ついたち ～ さnjuういちにち|
|In this section, learn some shortcuts and interesting ways to remember Japanese!|
The 4th and 8th day of the month
The fourth day (yoっか) and the eighth day of the month ( yoうか) are often confused because they sound alike. This hint should help: the yo in yoっか is short, while the yo in yoうか has an う after it which makes it double in length. Understanding this, remember that 8 is double the size of 4, so the eighth day of the month has the longer sound!
|Culture plays an important role in learning Japanese. Knowledge of modern and traditional culture will help you retain more information and learn faster!|
Celebrating Christmas in Japan
The Japanese celebrate Christmas every year, just as the majority of western society does. In Japan, though, it is a custom to eat a “Christmas cake” on the Christmas Eve with the entire family. However, due to a brilliant marketing effort by Kentucky Fried Chicken in Japan, on Christmas day they eat chicken! It’s a big event. The Japanese will actually reserve chicken meals for Christmas day!
Even McDonald’s in Japan has gotten into the act and sells chicken on Christmas day. And yes, there will be a line, so get your chicken early. Also, while in western countries Christmas is largely a family holiday, Christmas in Japan is more of a couples holiday. Many couples will book a hotel room for a romantic night on Christmas Eve.
|The Grammar sections of each lesson give you the building blocks necessary to speak Japanese properly. Make sure that you read and understand each section.|
8-3. Making sentences in the past tense
でした is the past tense of です. It is used exactly like です except that it makes the sentence past tense.
8-4. Saying complete dates
When saying full dates – for example, “December 10th,” or “the 20th of January” – you must always say the month and then the day of the month. If you also say the year, the full date is said in the order of year, month, and then day of month.
8-5. The particle ね
The particle ね is used quite often when speaking Japanese. It is always at the end of the sentence. The meaning changes depending on the intonation used when speaking. When spoken with a rising tone, it’s the equivalent of asking, “right?” or, “isn’t it?” at the end of the sentence. The rising tone ね is usually trying to prompt the listener for a response.
When ね is spoken in a downward tone it is no longer prompting the listener for an answer. Instead, it is a nice way to end the sentence. It does however change the feeling of the sentence slightly. Notice how the feeling of these sentences is changed by adding ね.
Don’t assume that ね means “sure.” This is merely how the feeling of the sentence changes in the English translation.
|Each question is presented with several potential answers. To test your pronunciation, try each question and answer out loud before you click the sound button.|
|Read the sentences below out loud, then click the play button to listen. If you don't understand the reading selection, go back and review the grammar in this lesson.|
|In this section we will practice what was taught in the lesson and reinforce what was taught in prior lessons. Any new words or expressions are listed in the section.|
|New words and expressions|
|どうしyoう||What shall I do?|
|ほnとう です か.||Really?|
|Learning the correct stroke order of the new characters is important, especially as your writing speed increases. The strokes are marked with arrows and numbers.|
|This section shows you the various acceptable styles for writing in Japanese. The red character is a great example hand written Hiragana.|
|The Writing Points in each lesson give you important information about how the symbols are used. Make sure that you read and understand each section.|
W8-1. The Particle wo
The hiragana wo is only used as a particle (object marker). It is never used for any other purpose. お can never replace wo as a particle. If you don’t know what an object marker is, don’t worry – it is covered later on in this course and in Course 2.
W8-2. What about the particle は?
You can never use wa (wa) as the topic marker. The topic marker は can only be represented with は, and remember that when は is not being used as the topic marker it is always pronounced は.
|You should practice writing these words at least 5 times each. Be sure to pay attention to stroke order. By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced.|
|ゆびわ||ring (for finger)|
|みずを のむ||to drink water|
|わに||alligator / crocodile|
|くるまを かう||to buy a car|
|The quizzes will test your understanding of the material taught in each lesson. You can take each quiz as many times as you want to. The correct answers will be show at the end of the quiz.|
|The following words will possibly be used in the following lessons. Vocabulary is very important to attaining fluency in Japanese. The more words you know, the closer you will be to fluency!|
Group K: food and drink