Course: 1 Lesson: 7 – Locations

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Course 1 Lesson 7
Where is it?
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 About This Lesson このレッスンについてSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

BEFORE THE LESSON

Know the following hiragana: はひふへほ, ばびぶべぼ and ぱぴぷぺぽ
Know how to make a noun into a modifying word using the particle .

FROM THE TEACHERS

Refer back to the こ・そ・あ・ど diagram from Lesson 2’s Cool Tools section.
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 New Vocabulary 新しい単語Submit a Question
By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced. You can add any word, sentence or phrase to your "Notebook" by clicking on the word and then the save icon.
Japanese English Word Type
どこ where? question
ここ here, this place noun
そこ there, that place noun
あそこ over there, that place over there noun
なか inside noun
そと outside noun
chuうごく China place
にほn Japan place
amerika America place
resutoran restaurant noun
でmo but conjunction
いい good, nice adjective
yoくない not good, not nice adjective
おおきい big adjective
ちいさい small adjective
WORD ATTACK!
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 New Phrases 新しいフレーズSubmit a Question
Here in the NEW PHRASES section you don't have to think about the grammar of each phrase. Simply memorize these phrases to increase your conversation skills.
1. いってきmaす.
I will go and come back.
2. いってrasshaい.
Go and come back safely. (no direct translation but this is close)
3. ただいma.
I am back. / I am home.
4. おかえriなさい.
Welcome back.
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 Grammar 文法Submit a Question
The Grammar sections of each lesson give you the building blocks necessary to speak Japanese properly. Make sure that you read and understand each section.

7-1. Using でmo

でmo is used to connect two complete sentences together. The second sentence begins with でmo.

structure
(Sentence 1)。 でmo、(Sentence 2)

(Sentence 1). But, (Sentence 2)


7-2. The war between and

Even the Japanese don’t really know why sometimes is used over . There have been books written solely about and . I won’t even attempt to completely explain everything about these elusive particles. Instead, I’ll give you a set of basic rules that will help you know when to use or . Here is a list of rules that you should know.

Rule #1 – すき きraい and ほしい
In Lesson 5 you learned that is used with すき and きraい. You also learned that is used with ほしい and ほしくない in Lesson 6.
Examples
1. Waたし は すし が すき です.
I like sushi.
2. Waたし は すし が きraい です.
I dislike sushi.
3. Waたし は すし が ほしい です.
I want sushi.
4. Waたし は すし が ほしくない です.
I don't want sushi.

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Rule #2 – Question words
When a question word such as どre どこ だre etc. is the topic or part of the topic must be used to mark it.
Examples
1. だre の くruma が あお です か.
Whose car is blue?
2. どre が waたし の です か.
Which one is mine?

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Rule #3 – Matching sentence pattern
The answer to a question usually uses the same marker as the question. In other words, if the question uses , then so does the answer. The same goes for .
Example Q&A
1.       だre の くruma が あお です か.
    Waたし の くruma が あお です.

 Whose car is blue?
 My car is blue.
2.       どre が waたし の です か.
    そre が あなたの です.

 Which one is mine?
 That one is yours.

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7-3. Using and が to stress

In this lesson we learn a new rule. The basic rule is: stresses for , and stresses for . In other words, where is normally used, will be used to stress and vice versa. For example when you say that you like something, the item that you like is normally marked with . Take a look at the following sentence: “I like vegetables, but I don’t like carrots.” In this sentence, the fact that carrots are not liked is emphasized.

Therefore, in Japanese the sentence would have to be: Yaさい が すき です。で mo にnじn すきjaない です. When Yaさい が すき です. is said, nothing is being stressed, so is used. However, in the second sentence, is used because the speaker is emphasizing the fact that, even though he likes vegetables, he DOESN’T like carrots. Generally, it is not natural to begin a conversation using a stress. Usually emphasis occurs only when something is said in contrast to a prior statement. In the following examples, A’s statement or question leads to B’s response using to stress a contrast.

Example Conversation
1.       Rinご は きいro です.
    いいえ、 banana が きいro です.

 Apples are yellow.
 No, bananas are yellow
2.       かのjo は くどうさn です か.
    いいえ、 waたし が くどう です.

 Is she Mrs. Kudo?
 No, I am Kudo.
3.       たださn の くruma は muraさき の toyota です か.
    いいえ、 waたし の くruma が muraさき の toyota です.

 Is Tada's car the purple Toyota?
 No, my car is the purple Toyota

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7-4. Using どこ as the topic of the sentence

You must be careful when using どこ as the topic of a sentence. Example: You should not say, どこ が あなた の いぬ です か, to mean “Where is your dog?” since this sentence structure incorrectly makes “where” the topic. The correct topic of this sentence is “your dog,” and should be phrased: あなたのいぬ は どこ です か. Hint: It’s always better to avoid beginning a sentence with a question word unless absolutely necessary.

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 Question and Answer 質問と答えSubmit a Question
Each question is presented with several potential answers. To test your pronunciation, try each question and answer out loud before you click the sound button.

1. どこ です か.
ここ です.
そこ です.
あそこ です.
そと です.
なか です.
Waかrimaせn.
Where is it?
It's here.
It's there.
It's over there.
It's outside.
It's inside.
I don't know.
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2. ここ です か.
はい、ここ です.
いいえ、 ここjaない です.
いいえ、 あそこ です.
Is it here?
Yes, it is here.
No, it's not here.
No, it's over there.
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3. あなた の くruma は あそこ です か.
いいえ、 waたし の くruma は あそこ です.
いいえ、 waたし の くruma は くro です.
いいえ、 waたし の くruma は orenjiの です.
はい, そう です.
Is your car over there?
No, my car is over there.
No, my car is black.
No, my car is the orange one.
Yes, it is.
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4. どこ が いい です か.
ここ が いい です.
そこ が いい です.
What place is good? (Where would be good?)
This place is good. (Here would be good.)
That place is good. (There would be good.)
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5. いぬ は どこ です か.
そと です.
なか です.
Where is the dog?
It's outside.
It's inside.
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 More Practice 補充練習Submit a Question
In this section we will practice what was taught in the lesson and reinforce what was taught in prior lessons. Any new words or expressions are listed in the section.
A:     Maikuさn の うち は あそこ です か.
A:     Maikuさn は (お)すしがすき です か.
B:     いいえ、 ちがいmaす。そこ です.
B:     はい、だいすき です.
A:     えっ、どこ です か. Waかrimaせn. Miどri の うち です か.
A:     なに が すき です か.
B:     いいえ、 miどri の うちは、とmoだちおうち です。きいroいうち が waたしの です.
B:     Maぐro と えび が すき です.
A:     ああ、waかrimaした.
A:     そうです か. Waたしは、ひrame と いか が すき です。にほn の おcha が すき です か.
B:     いいえ。にほn の おcha が すきjaない です。でmo, ko-ra は すき です.


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English

New words and expressions
うち house
maぐro tuna
えび shrimp
Eh?
ああ、waかrimaした. Oh, I see / I got it.
ひrame halibut
いか squid

Course 1 Lesson 7
Hiragana まみむめも
 New Characters 新しい字Submit a Question
Learning the correct stroke order of the new characters is important, especially as your writing speed increases. The strokes are marked with arrows and numbers.
ma mi mu me mo
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 Writing Styles 書くスタイルSubmit a Question
This section shows you the various acceptable styles for writing in Japanese. The red character is a great example hand written Hiragana.
ma mi mu me mo
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 Hiragana Words You Can Write 書ける言葉Submit a Question
You should practice writing these words at least 5 times each. Be sure to pay attention to stroke order. By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced.

あたま head
もも peach
みみ ear
むし insect; bug
むね chest (body part)
まど window
だめ no good
むずかしい difficult
もくじ contents (of book etc.)
まじめ serious
まね copy (impersonation)
ミミズ earthworm
めがね eye glasses
むしめがね magnifying glasses
もしもし hello (on the telephone)
しも frost
めだつ to stick out
むすこ son
ななめ diagonal
みなみ south
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 Lesson Quizzes クイズSubmit a Question
The quizzes will test your understanding of the material taught in each lesson. You can take each quiz as many times as you want to. The correct answers will be show at the end of the quiz.
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 Additional Vocabulary 補充単語Submit a Question
The following words will possibly be used in the following lessons. Vocabulary is very important to attaining fluency in Japanese. The more words you know, the closer you will be to fluency!

Group J: more animals

きngyo gold fish
かme turtle
かえru frog
ぶた pig
はと pigeon, dove
あひru duck
かに crab
へび snake
とri bird
Robusuta- lobster
とかげ lizard
さかな fish
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 Download Area ダウンロードSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

Hiragana MA MI MU ME MO Writing Practice Sheet


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 Related Videos 関連ビデオSubmit a Question
The video(s) below help explain what is taught in this lesson. It is recommended that you first complete the lesson and then watch the video(s).

 Hiragana Match Submit a Question
 New Words 1 Submit a Question
 New Words 2 Submit a Question
 Chizu Challenge Submit a Question
 YesJapan Kana Attack! Submit a Question
 YesJapan Strike! Submit a Question
 Ask-A-Teacher 

There are currently no questions for this lesson.