Course: 1 Lesson: 6 – Wanting and not wanting

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Course 1 Lesson 6
Matsumoto's Computer
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 About This Lesson このレッスンについてSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

BEFORE THE LESSON

Know the following hiragana: なにぬねの
Understand how to use すき, きraい and jaない.

FROM THE TEACHERS

Don’t confuse the usage of jaない and くない as this is a common mistake.
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 New Vocabulary 新しい単語Submit a Question
By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced. You can add any word, sentence or phrase to your "Notebook" by clicking on the word and then the save icon.
Japanese English Word Type
hoしい want adjective
hoしくない don't want adjective
おかね money noun
doru dollars noun
えn yen noun
bi-ru beer noun
ko-ra cola noun
miず water noun
inta-netto the Internet noun
moちron of course adverb
あたraしい new adjective
furuい old adjective
あつい hot adjective
さmuい cold adjective
つmeたい cold to the touch adjective
WORD ATTACK!
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 New Phrases 新しいフレーズSubmit a Question
Here in the NEW PHRASES section you don't have to think about the grammar of each phrase. Simply memorize these phrases to increase your conversation skills.
1. けっこう です.
No, thank you.
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 Culture Clip カルチャー・クリップSubmit a Question
Culture plays an important role in learning Japanese. Knowledge of modern and traditional culture will help you retain more information and learn faster!

Using くn and chan

You might see くn or chan added to the end of last or first names. They are both used to show affection, but are not limited to just that. chan is mostly used after girls’ names and くn after boys’. chan is used quite often after children’s names, regardless of the sex of the child. It is also not unusual for a higher-up in a company to refer to the female staff members with a くn following their names. chan and くn should never be used when addressing people above you in social status. If you ever hear someone addressing another person with くn or chan, you can assume that the speaker is of equal or higher status.

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 Grammar 文法Submit a Question
The Grammar sections of each lesson give you the building blocks necessary to speak Japanese properly. Make sure that you read and understand each section.

6-1. Making adjectives negative

In the previous lesson, you learned how to make the negative form of nouns by adding jaない to them. For example, いぬjaないです, means “it is not a dog.” jaない can be used to make nouns negative. To make -adjectives negative, ~ jaない can not be used. All true adjectives end with an . To make the adjectives negative, drop the last and add くない

structure
[ adjective] drop the + くない

not [adjective]

Examples
1. あたraしい
new
2. あたraしくない
not new
3. さmuい
cold
4. さmuくない
not cold
5. つmeたい
cold to the touch
6. つmeたくない
not cold to the touch
7. おいしい
delicious
8. おいしくない
not delicious
9. あつい
hot
10. あつくない
not hot
11. furuい
old
12. furuくない
not old

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Mini Quiz
Click the to reveal the English.
1. つmeたくないbi-ru wa おいしくない です.
2. あなたのいえ wa あつくない です.
3. Waたし の wa ha しroくない です.

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6-2. The colors as negative adjectives

You can also conjugate the adjective forms of colors.

Examples
1. あかい
red
2. あかくない
not red
3. あおい
blue
4. あおくない
not blue
5. chaいroい
brown
6. chaいroくない
not brown
7. きいroい
yellow
8. きいroくない
not yellow

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6-3. Wanting and not wanting

The particle is used with hoしい (want) in the same way it is used with すき and きraい. is used to indicate the thing that you want or don’t want.

structure
[thing] hoしいです

I want [thing]

To change “want” into “don’t want,” drop the and add くない.

structure
[thing] hoしくない です

I don’t want [thing]
Examples
1. なに hoしい です か.
What do you want?
2. あたraしい くruma hoしい です.
I want a new car.
3. Furuい くruma hoしくない です.
I don't want an old car.

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Mini Quiz
Click the to reveal the English.
1. Waたし wa しnbun が hoしい です.
2. なにいro の さra が hoしい です か.
3. くro の ねこ が hoしくない です.

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6-4. Tricky uses of the particle

We’ve already learned that the particle is used to show possession (as in the sentence Waたし の くruma です. – “It’s my car”). More importantly, we learned that can be used to make any noun into an adjective simply by placing it after the noun, as in にhonご の hon (a Japanese language book). Sometimes the usage of might look strange. An example is sentence 4 of the Reading Comprehension in this lesson: Waたし の とmoだち の たしroくn wa konpyu-ta- が hoしくない です. This sentence may look confusing at first, but remember that the key function of is to make the noun or word it comes after into a modifier ( -adjective). waたしのとmoだちのたしroくn simply means, “my friend Tashiro.” waたし の とmoだちの is just modifying たしroくn.

Mini Quiz
Click the to reveal the English.
1. Waたし の いぬ の pochi wa にさい です.
2. とmoだち の yuかriさn wa にjuうroくさい です.

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 Question and Answer 質問と答えSubmit a Question
Each question is presented with several potential answers. To test your pronunciation, try each question and answer out loud before you click the sound button.

1. なに が hoしい です か.
ぎnいro の くruma が hoしい です.
いちmandoru が hoしい です.
つmeたい miず が hoしい です.
かのjo が hoしい です.
What do you want?
I want a silver car.
I want 10,000 dollars.
I want some cold water.
I want a girlfriend.
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2. どre が hoしい です か.
こre と そre が hoしい です.
あかの が hoしい です.
Miどri と あおの が hoしい です.
Which one do you want?
I want this one and that one.
I want the red one.
I want the green and blue one.
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3. あなた の くruma wa あたraしい です か.
いいえ、 furuい です.
いいえ、 あたraしくない です.
Is your car new?
No, it is old.
No, it is not new.
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4. Konpyu-ta- が hoしい です か.
Haい、hoしい です.
いいえ、 hoしくない です.
Do you want a computer?
Yes, I want one.
No, I don't want one.
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5. なにいro の くruma が hoしい です か.
あか の くruma が hoしい です.
くruma が hoしくない です.
What color car do you want?
I want a red car.
I don't want a car.
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6. あなた の bi-ru wa つmeたい です か.
いいえ、 つmeたくない です.
こre wa bi-rujaないです. Miず です.
Is your beer cold?
No, it is not cold.
This is not beer. It's water.
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7. あたraしい reいぞうこ が hoしい です か.
Moちron hoしい です.
Do you want a new refrigerator?
Of course I want one.
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8. しnbun が hoしい です か.
Haい、あさhiしnbun が hoしい です.
いいえ、 けっこう です.
Do you want a newspaper?
Yes, I want the Asahi Newspaper.
No, thank you.
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 Comprehension 読解Submit a Question
Read the sentences below out loud, then click the play button to listen. If you don't understand the reading selection, go back and review the grammar in this lesson.
Waたし の なmaえ wa maつmoと です.

inta-netto が すき です.

Konpyu-ta- が hoしい です.

Waたし の とmoだち の たしroくn wa konpyu-ta- が hoしくない です.

たしroくn wa あたraしい くruma が hoしい です.

Waたし wa あnmari くruma が すきjaない です.

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English
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 More Practice 補充練習Submit a Question
In this section we will practice what was taught in the lesson and reinforce what was taught in prior lessons. Any new words or expressions are listed in the section.
A:     Karenさn, どうぞ.
B:     Haい、おjamaしmaす.
A:     のmimoの wa なに が hoしい です か.
B:     そう です ね…. Ko-ra が hoしい です.
A:     Choっとmaってください. Haい、どうぞ.
B:     あriがとうございmaす


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English

New words and expressions
どうぞ Please come in.
おjamaしmaす. I will come in. (literally,
そう です ね… Let's see...
Choっとmaってください. Please wait a moment.
(haい)どうぞ. Here you are (when serving/giving something to someone)

Course 1 Lesson 6
Hiragana はひふへほ
 New Characters 新しい字Submit a Question
Learning the correct stroke order of the new characters is important, especially as your writing speed increases. The strokes are marked with arrows and numbers.
ha hi fu he ho
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ba bi bu be bo
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pa pi pu pe po
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 Writing Styles 書くスタイルSubmit a Question
This section shows you the various acceptable styles for writing in Japanese. The red character is a great example hand written Hiragana.
ha hi fu he ho
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ba bi bu be bo
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pa pi pu pe po
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 Writing Points 書くポイントSubmit a Question
The Writing Points in each lesson give you important information about how the symbols are used. Make sure that you read and understand each section.

W6-1. The topic marker ha

The topic marker wa is written using the ha (ha) character and can NEVER be written using the wa (wa) character which is learned in the New Hiragana section of Lesson 8. When used as a topic marker, ha (ha) is still read aloud as “wa.” In all other situations, ha (ha) is always read as “ha.”

Examples
1. あなた wa だre です か.
Who are you?
2. Banana wa furu-tsu です.
Bananas are fruits.

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W6-2. What is that circle?

The papipupepo hiragana are made by adding a circle in the area where だくてn normally would go. The circle should be written clockwise and is always the last stroke.

Most Japanese people refer to this as simply maru, which means “circle.” The official name for it is hanだくてn.

W6-3. The easy way to write fu

fu tends to be difficult to write, but there is an easy way: connect the first and second stroke into what looks like a number 3.

 Hiragana Words You Can Write 書ける言葉Submit a Question
You should practice writing these words at least 5 times each. Be sure to pay attention to stroke order. By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced.

はし chopsticks
しばふ grass
ふうふ married couple
はっぱ leaf
はなび fireworks
ひこうき airplane
はこぶ to move an item
ほっぺ cheeks
ほほ another word for cheeks
しっぽ tail
こうべ Kobe (city)
ピカピカ shiny
はと pigeon; dove
ひと people
とうふ tofu
ぶた pig
きっぷ ticket
へそ belly button
へいたい soldier
ぼうし hat
すなば sand box
ばくはつ explosion
てっぽう gun
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 Lesson Quizzes クイズSubmit a Question
The quizzes will test your understanding of the material taught in each lesson. You can take each quiz as many times as you want to. The correct answers will be show at the end of the quiz.
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 Additional Vocabulary 補充単語Submit a Question
The following words will possibly be used in the following lessons. Vocabulary is very important to attaining fluency in Japanese. The more words you know, the closer you will be to fluency!

Group I: transportation

くruma car
hiこうき airplane
でnsha train
basu bus
fuね ship, boat
さnrinsha tricycle
shoうboうsha fire truck
じてnsha bicycle
しnかnせn bullet train
Patoka- patrol car
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 Download Area ダウンロードSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

Hiragana HA HI FU HE HO Writing Practice Sheet


Hiragana BA BI BU BE BO Writing Practice Sheet


Hiragana PA PI PU PE PO Writing Practice Sheet


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 Related Videos 関連ビデオSubmit a Question
The video(s) below help explain what is taught in this lesson. It is recommended that you first complete the lesson and then watch the video(s).

 Hiragana Match Submit a Question
 Hiragana Match 2 Submit a Question
 Hiragana Match 3 Submit a Question
 New Words Submit a Question
 Chizu Challenge Submit a Question
 YesJapan Kana Attack! Submit a Question
 YesJapan Strike! Submit a Question
 Ask-A-Teacher 

There are currently no questions for this lesson.