Course: 1 Lesson: 5 – Likes and dislikes

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Course 1 Lesson 5
Satoko and Yoshio
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 About This Lesson このレッスンについてSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

BEFORE THE LESSON

Know the following hiragana: たちつてと and だぢづでど
Understand how to use the question word naniいro and the particle .

FROM THE TEACHERS

Learn to use すき, きraい and janaい as if your life depended on it.
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 New Vocabulary 新しい単語Submit a Question
By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced. You can add any word, sentence or phrase to your "Notebook" by clicking on the word and then the save icon.
Japanese English Word Type
すき like noun
きraい dislike noun
だいすき like a lot, really like noun
だいきraい hate noun
さとこ common girl's first name person
miちこ common girl's first name person
yoしお common boy's first name person
かいmono shopping noun
shuくだい homework noun
ryoこう travel noun
nihonご Japanese language noun
しごと work, job noun
hisho secretary noun
sarari-man salary man noun
さかna fish noun
chikin chicken noun
washoく Japanese food noun
おいしい delicious, tastes good adjective
おいしくnaい not delicious, doesn't taste good adjective
WORD ATTACK!
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 Grammar 文法Submit a Question
The Grammar sections of each lesson give you the building blocks necessary to speak Japanese properly. Make sure that you read and understand each section.

5-1. The particle with すき and きraい

When using すき and きraい, the subject particle is used after the item or person that is liked or disliked.

structure
(noun) すき きraいです

I like / dislike (noun).
Examples
1. Waたし wa かいmono すき です.
I like shopping.
2. さとこさn wa shuくだい きraい です.
Satoko dislikes homework.
3. Waたし no とmoだち wa さかna だいきraい です.
My friend hates fish.
4. Waたし wa あnaた だいすき です.
I really like you.

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Example Q&A
1.       Washoく が すき です か.
    Haい、だいすき です.
    いいえ、 きraい です.

 Do (you) like Japanese food?
 Yes, I really like it.
 No, I dislike it.
2.       だre が すき です か.
    あnaた が すき です.
    たnaかさn と こbayaしさn が すき です.

 Who do you like?
 I like you.
 I like Tanaka and Kobayashi.

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Mini Quiz
Click the to reveal the English.
1. Nani が すき です か.
2. Waたし wa あか と きいro が きraい です.
3. Waたし wa nihonご が だいすき です.

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5-2. Using janaい to make things negative

janaい means “not” or “don’t” depending on the context of the sentence. janaい is the informal version of jaあrimaせn or で wa あrimaせn, however the informal version is most commonly used. janaい on its own is informal, but is made polite by adding です. It must always follow the word it is modifying.

structure
(word) janaい です

It is not a (word).
Examples
1. いnu janaい です.
It is not a dog.
2. Miどri janaい です.
It is not green.
3. Yaさい janaい です.
It is not a vegetable.

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When janaい is used with すき or きraい, it means “don’t”.

structure
すき きraい janaい です

don’t like / dislike it.
Example Q&A
1.       すし が きraい です か.
    いいえ、 きraいjanaい です.
    いいえ、 すき です.
    Haい、きraい です.

 Do you dislike sushi?
 No, I don't dislike it.
 No, I like it.
 Yes, I dislike it.

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Note: In English, the sentence “No, I don’t dislike it,” would not sound right. However in Japanese it is not considered wrong, and is quite common. The original question was, “Do you dislike Sushi?” in Japanese. Because the answer disagrees with the question, it must be “No, I don’t dislike it.”

Mini Quiz
Click the to reveal the English.
1. waたし wa neこ が すきjanaいです
2. あnaた wa washoく が きraいjanaい です か.

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5-3. The “one” pronoun

When the particle no comes after the noun version of a color or after an adjective, it becomes what is called the “one” pronoun.

Examples
1. あかno
(a / the) red one
2. chaいrono
(a / the) brown one
3. おいしいno
(a / the) good tasting one
4. nihonno
(a / the) Japanese one
5. muraさき と きいrono
(a / the) purple and yellow one
6. miどrino
(a / the) green one

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Example Q&A
1.       どre が すき です か.
    あかno が すき です.
    おいしいno が すき です.

 Which one do you like?
 I like the red one.
 I like the delicious one.

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Mini Quiz
Click the to reveal the English.
1. Waたし wa しrono が すき です.
2. さとこさn wa あおno が すき です.
3. きいrono が おいしくnaい です.

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 Question and Answer 質問と答えSubmit a Question
Each question is presented with several potential answers. To test your pronunciation, try each question and answer out loud before you click the sound button.

1. すき です か.
Haい、すき です.
いいえ、 すきjanaい です.
Haい、だいすき です.
Do you like it?
Yes, I like it.
No, I don't like it.
Yes, I really like it.
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2. きraい です か.
Haい、きraい です.
いいえ、 きraいjanaい です.
いいえ、 すき です.
Do you dislike it?
Yes, I dislike it.
No, I don't dislike it.
No, I like it.
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3. Nani が すき です か.
かいmono が すき です.
あnaた が すき です.
Nihonご が すき です.
Ryoこう が すき です.
What do you like?
I like shopping.
I like you.
I like Japanese (language).
I like travel.
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4. Nani が きraい です か.
Shuくだい が きraい です.
しごと が きraい です.
さかna が きraい です.
What do you dislike?
I dislike homework.
I dislike work.
I dislike fish.
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5. さかna が すき です か.
Haい、すき です.
いいえ、 さかna が だいきraい です.
Do you like fish?
Yes, I like it.
No, I hate fish.
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6. こre wa さかna です か.
いいえ、 さかnajanaい です.
いいえ、 chikin です.
Is this fish?
No, it is not fish.
No, it is chicken.
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7. Waたし no あか no くruma が すき です か.
いいえ、 すきjanaい です.
いいえ、 あnaた no あお no くruma が すき です.
Do you like my red car?
No, I don't like it.
No, I like your blue car.
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8. Nani が きraい です か.
Chaいro no banana が きraい です.
Rinご が きraい です.
What do you dislike?
I dislike brown bananas.
I dislike apples.
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 Comprehension 読解Submit a Question
Read the sentences below out loud, then click the play button to listen. If you don't understand the reading selection, go back and review the grammar in this lesson.
Waたnabeさとこさn wa nijuういっさい no hisho です.

たnaかyoしおさn wa nijuうさnさい no sarari-man です.

Yoしおさn wa さとこさn no かre です.

さとこさn wa かいmono が だいすき です.

Yoしおさn wa かいmono が すきjanaい です.

しごと が すき です.

さとこさn wa しごと が きraい です.

さとこさn と yoしおさn wa ryoこう が すき です.

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English
5
 More Practice 補充練習Submit a Question
In this section we will practice what was taught in the lesson and reinforce what was taught in prior lessons. Any new words or expressions are listed in the section.
A:     Niしださn wa えいが が すき です か.
B:     Haい、だいすき です.
A:     Waたし mo です. Haいyuう wa だre が すき です か.
B:     Harison・fo-do が すき です.
A:     そう です か. Waたし wa buraddo・pitto が すき です.
B:     Waたし mo buraddo・pitto mo すき です.


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English

New words and expressions
えいが movie
haいyuう actor
harison・fo-do Harrison Ford (actor)
buraddo・pitto Brad Pitt (actor)
mo also, too (particle)

Course 1 Lesson 5
Hiragana なにぬねの
 New Characters 新しい字Submit a Question
Learning the correct stroke order of the new characters is important, especially as your writing speed increases. The strokes are marked with arrows and numbers.
na ni nu ne no
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 Writing Styles 書くスタイルSubmit a Question
This section shows you the various acceptable styles for writing in Japanese. The red character is a great example hand written Hiragana.
na ni nu ne no
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 Hiragana Words You Can Write 書ける言葉Submit a Question
You should practice writing these words at least 5 times each. Be sure to pay attention to stroke order. By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced.

なに what
ぬぐ to undress
ねこ cat
なな the number seven
にし west
なつ summer
ねぎ onion
あなたの yours
ねつ fever; heat
なつかしい dear; longed for
いぬ dog
おかね money
かに crab
にっき diary
にく meat
ねじ screw (hardware)
のど throat
にじ rainbow
ねあげ a rise in price
しぬ to die
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5
 Lesson Quizzes クイズSubmit a Question
The quizzes will test your understanding of the material taught in each lesson. You can take each quiz as many times as you want to. The correct answers will be show at the end of the quiz.
5
 Additional Vocabulary 補充単語Submit a Question
The following words will possibly be used in the following lessons. Vocabulary is very important to attaining fluency in Japanese. The more words you know, the closer you will be to fluency!

Group G: sports and entertainment

basukettobo-ru basketball
gyanburu gambling
Sakka- soccer
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Group H: fruit

いちご strawberry
orenji orange
rinご apple
banana banana
すいか watermelon
remon lemon
momo peach
buどう grapes
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 Download Area ダウンロードSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

Hiragana NA NI NU NE NO Writing Practice Sheet


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 Related Videos 関連ビデオSubmit a Question
The video(s) below help explain what is taught in this lesson. It is recommended that you first complete the lesson and then watch the video(s).

 Hiragana Match Submit a Question
 New Words 1 Submit a Question
 New Words 2 Submit a Question
 Chizu Challenge Submit a Question
 YesJapan Kana Attack! Submit a Question
 YesJapan Strike! Submit a Question
 Ask-A-Teacher 
Question asked in Q&A course 1 lesson 5
Open JFZ_Tech_Danny asked 10 months ago  • 
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