Course: 1 Lesson: 10 – Asking for things

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Course 1 Lesson 10
Spaghetti Please
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 About This Lesson このレッスンについてSubmit a Question
Natsumi Sensei

BEFORE THE LESSON

Know the following hiragana: らりるれろ

FROM THE TEACHERS

Memorize the New Phrases in this lesson; they will come in handy later. They are VERY important.
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 New Vocabulary 新しい単語Submit a Question
By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced. You can add any word, sentence or phrase to your "Notebook" by clicking on the word and then the save icon.
Japanese English Word Type
いくら how much? question
makudonarudo McDonald's ® noun
Menyu- menu noun
poteto french fries noun
Chi-zuba-ga- cheese burger noun
piza pizza noun
Supagetti- spaghetti noun
bi-fu beef noun
sando sandwich noun
deza-to dessert noun
su-pu soup noun
ko-ra cola noun
jaあ or ja well then~, okay then~ noun
おのみもの a drink noun
たべもの food noun
Esu(S) small size noun
Emu (M) medium size noun
Eru (L) large size noun
おつり change noun
おかし a snack, snack food noun
ぎんこう a bank noun
WORD ATTACK!
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 New Phrases 新しいフレーズSubmit a Question
Here in the NEW PHRASES section you don't have to think about the grammar of each phrase. Simply memorize these phrases to increase your conversation skills.
1. いらsshaいませ.
Welcome
2. Shoうshoう おまちください.
Please wait a moment.
3. Choっとまって ください.
Please wait a moment. / Please wait a minute.
4. なに が いい です か.
What would you like?
5. いくら です か.
How much is it?
6. ありがとう ございました.
Thank you very much.
7. ~ が いいです
I would like (something).
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 Culture Clip カルチャー・クリップSubmit a Question
Culture plays an important role in learning Japanese. Knowledge of modern and traditional culture will help you retain more information and learn faster!

Paper, scissors, rock game

The game of Paper, Scissors, Rock is called jaんけん in Japan and has been popular for years as a way to make decisions and to decide who goes first, much like how in the United States a coin is flipped.

All players (minimum of 2 required), after saying jaんけんぽ, simultaneously play one of three hand positions. The possible positions are rock, scissors or paper. Each position wins over one of the others and loses to the remaining one.


Rock beats Scissors

Scissors beats Paper

Paper beats Rock

There are 2 types of ties. If there are only 2 players and both players play the same position, it is considered a tie and a rematch is played. When there are multiple players, it is also considered a tie if all three positions are played. For example Mr. A plays , Mr. B plays choき and Mr. C plays . Since none of the positions dominates totally over the others there must be a rematch. On any rematch あいこでsho is said instead of jaんけんぽ.

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 Grammar 文法Submit a Question
The Grammar sections of each lesson give you the building blocks necessary to speak Japanese properly. Make sure that you read and understand each section.

10-1. Give me please (standard)

ください is an equivalent of the English “please.” ください is always used in a sentence and cannot stand alone. The direct object particle marks the object being asked for. Don’t think about the direct object marker aspect if you are not sure what a direct object is, just remember that the item being asked for is marked with . えんぴつ を ください.

structure
Give me a [something] please.

[something] ください


Examples
1. みず を ください.
Give me some water, please.
2. えんぴつ を ください.
Please give me a pencil.
3. りんご を ください.
An apple, please.

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10-2. Give me please (polite)

おねがいします when standing alone means basically “please” or “I request of you.” It is used the same way ください is used above, but is a very polite way to ask for something. The object marker marks the object being asked for.

structure
Would you please give me [something]

[something] おねがいします


Examples
1. Supagetti- を おねがいします.
Please give me some spaghettii.
2. Bi-fusando と su-pu を おねがいします.
Please give me a beef sandwich and some soup.
3. Poteto を おねがいします.
Please give me some french fries.

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10-3. The difference between ください and おねがいします

ください and おねがいします are both polite. Normally you can use ください without being considered rude at all. In situations where you are requesting something from someone above you in status or in situations where you wish to be more polite, then おねがいします should be used.

10-4. The particle

The particle means “too” or “also.” Like the other particles you have learned, it comes after the word it is referring to. When it is applied to the topic of the sentence it takes the place of or completely.

Example Conversation
1.       なに が すき です か.
    Banana が すき です。りんご も すき です.

 What do you like?
 I like bananas. I like apples too.
2.       なに が いい です か.
    Robusuta- と bi-ru を ください.
    ぼく も bi-ru を ください.

 What would you like?
 Give me a lobster and a beer please.
 Give me a beer also.
3.       わたし は じてんsha が きらい です.
    あと、なに が きらい です か. (あ と is covered in the next lesson)
    でんsha も きらい です.
    Jaあ、なに が すき です か.
    くるま が すき です.

 I dislike bicycles.
 What else do you dislike?
 I also dislike trains.
 Well then, what do you like?
 I like cars.

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10-5. Sizes

In this lesson sizes are introduced with the words esu (S), emu (M), and eru (L). As you can tell, the sizes are adopted words. These words are the most common way to describe the sizes of clothing or of the food served in fast food restaurants (which are very common in modern Japan). To say, “large cola,” you can’t just string eru and ko-ra together – you must make eru into a -adjective by adding . This is the pattern for all size words.

Examples
1. Esu の ko-ra と emu の poteto を おねがいします.
Please give me a small cola and medium fries.
2. Eru の piza が ほしい です.
I want a large pizza.

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 Mini Conversations ミニ会話Submit a Question
Click the sound button to listen to each part of the conversation. Pay attention to the context description to understand the different styles of speaking to friends and strangers.
1.  A conversation between friends.
A:     Fo-ku を おねがいします.
B:     なん です か.
A:     Fo-ku を ください.

A:  Would you please get me a fork?
B:  What? / Pardon?
A:  A fork please.

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2.  A conversation at a pizza shop in Japan.
A:     すみません. Piza が ほしい です。いくら です か.
B:     Piza は はちdoru です.
A:     やすい です ね.

A:  Excuse me. I want a pizza. How much are they?
B:  Pizzas are 8 dollars.
A:  They sure are cheap.

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3.  A conversation in a restaurant.
A:     すみません. Kyoう は なに が おいしい です か.
B:     Kyoう は bi-fusando が おいしい です. chikinsando も おいしい です.
A:     Jaあ、chikinsando を ください.

A:  Excuse me. What is good (delicious) today?
B:  The beef sandwich is good today. The chicken sandwich is also good.
A:  Well then, give me a chicken sandwich, please.

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4.  A conversation between a couple (A, C) and a waitress (B).
A:     Chi-zuba-ga- を ください。あ!! poteto も ください.
B:     おのみものは?(informal)
C:     Ko-hi- を ください.
B:     はい、shoうshoう おまちください.

A:  A cheeseburger, please. Ah! French fries too, please.
B:  Would you like a drink?
C:  A coffee please.
B:  Please wait a few moments.

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5.  A conversation between a waitress and customer.
A:     すみません、bi-ru は いくら です か.
B:     さんdoru です.
A:     Jaあ、bi-ru と bi-fusando を ください.

A:  Excuse me, how much is a beer?
B:  They are 3 dollars.
A:  Well then, please give me a beer and a beef sandwich.

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6.  A conversation between a waitress and customer.
A:     いらsshaいませ.
B:     おはようございます。ここ は なに が おいしい です か.
A:     ここ は chikinsando が おいしい です. supageti- も おいしい です.
B:     Jaあ、supageti- を ください.

A:  Welcome.
B:  Good morning. What tastes good here?
A:  The chicken sandwich is good here. The spaghetti is also good.
B:  Well, some spaghetti, please.

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 Comprehension 読解Submit a Question
Read the sentences below out loud, then click the play button to listen. If you don't understand the reading selection, go back and review the grammar in this lesson.
いらsshaいませ!

Menyu- を おねがいします.

はい、わかりました.

すみません.

はい、なに が いい です か.

Supagetti- を ください.

おのみもの は なに が いい です か.

Bi-ruをください.

はい、わかりました. shoうshoう おまちください.

はい、どうぞ.

ありがとう。みず と ko-ra を ください.

はい. Shoうshoう おまちください.

いくら です か.

にせん ごhyaく にjuういちえん です.

はい.

おつり は よんhyaく ななjuうkyuうえん です。ありがとう ございました.

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English

At a restaurant

The following conversations might be a little bit too informal for your standard waiter / waitress. Since we are still working with limited phrases to make the conversation, let’s assume that the conversations are taking place in a casual atmosphere at a small, family-owned restaurant.

Conversation at a small family owned restaurant.
Waiter: いらsshaいませ!
Customer: Menyu- を おねがいします.
Waiter: はい、どうぞ.
5 minutes later…
Customer: すみません.
Waiter: はい、なに が いい です か.
Customer: Supagetti- を ください.
Waiter: おのみもの は なに が いい です か.
Customer: Bi-ruをください.
Waiter: はい、わかりました. shoうshoう おまちください.
10 minutes later…
Waiter: はい、どうぞ.
Customer: ありがとう。みず と ko-ra を ください.
Waiter: はい、shoうshoう おまちください.
40 minutes later…
Customer: いくら です か.
Waiter: にせん ごhyaく にjuういちえん です.
Customer: はい.
Waiter: おつり は よんhyaく ななjuうkyuうえん です。ありがとう ございました.
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 More Practice 補充練習Submit a Question
In this section we will practice what was taught in the lesson and reinforce what was taught in prior lessons. Any new words or expressions are listed in the section.
A:     いらsshaいませ. Menyu- を どうぞ.
B:     ここ は てんぷら が おいしい です.
C:     そう です か. Jaあ、てんぷら が いい です.
B:     わたし も てんぷら が すき です。でも、kyoう は とんkatsu が いい です.
C:     Jaあ、てんぷら と とんkatsu を おねがいします.
A:     かしこまりました。おのみもの は なに が よろしい です か.
B:     Aisuti- を ください.
C:     わたし は おcha を おねがいします.
A:     かしこまりました.


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English

New words and expressions
てんぷら deep-fried vegetables or seafood
とんkatsu pork cutlet
なに が よろしい です か. What would you like? (more polite version of 何がいいですか。)
かしこまりました. Certainly; Very well.
Aisuti- iced tea

しゃ
Course 1 Lesson 10
Hiragana しゃ
しゃ
 New Characters 新しい字Submit a Question
Learning the correct stroke order of the new characters is important, especially as your writing speed increases. The strokes are marked with arrows and numbers.
sha
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The rest of the Hiragana

The rest of Hiragana are easy! There are only 33 more Hiragana, and they are all made up of the Hiragana that you already know. These compound Hiragana do not need much explanation, and by looking at them you should already have an idea of the sound that they represent.

structure
(ki) + (ya) = kya (kya)

(shi) + (yu) = shu (shu)

(chi) + (yo) = cho (cho)

The Compound Hiragana
kya
kya
kyu
kyu
kyo
kyo
gya
gya
gyu
gyu
gyo
gyo
sha
sha
shu
shu
sho
sho
ja
ja
ju
ju
jo
jo
cha
cha
chu
chu
cho
cho
nya
nya
nyu
nyu
nyo
nyo
hya
hya
hyu
hyu
hyo
hyo
bya
bya
byu
byu
byo
byo
pya
pya
pyu
pyu
pyo
pyo
mya
mya
myu
myu
myo
myo
rya
rya
ryu
ryu
ryo
ryo

NOTE: It is important to make sure that the second hiragana making up the compound hiragana is visibly smaller than the first.

しゃ
 Writing Points 書くポイントSubmit a Question
The Writing Points in each lesson give you important information about how the symbols are used. Make sure that you read and understand each section.

W10-1. The correct way to write the compounds

When writing the compound hiragana, make sure that the second character is visibly smaller than the first character.

sounds correct wrong
mya mya みや
ryo ryo りよ
chu chu ちゆ
kya kya きや
しゃ
 Hiragana Words You Can Write 書ける言葉Submit a Question
You should practice writing these words at least 5 times each. Be sure to pay attention to stroke order. By clicking on the button, you can hear how each word is pronounced.

りょこう travel
おきゃくさん a customer or guest
かいしゃ a company
しゅうり repair
びょうき sick; sickness
じゅうたん carpet
みょうじ last name
ちょうちょう butterfly
きゅう number nine
しゅじゅつ surgery
きょく a song
じょうだん a joke
かいじゅう a monster
はっぴょう an announcement
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 Lesson Quizzes クイズSubmit a Question
The quizzes will test your understanding of the material taught in each lesson. You can take each quiz as many times as you want to. The correct answers will be show at the end of the quiz.
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 Additional Vocabulary 補充単語Submit a Question
The following words will possibly be used in the following lessons. Vocabulary is very important to attaining fluency in Japanese. The more words you know, the closer you will be to fluency!

Group M: direction words

みぎ right
ひだり left
うえ up
した down
きた north
ひがし east
みなみ south
にし west
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Group N: things around the house II

かさ umbrella
いえ house
でんわ telephone
かぎ keys
いす chair
ごみばこ trash can
toire toilet
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 Related Videos 関連ビデオSubmit a Question
The video(s) below help explain what is taught in this lesson. It is recommended that you first complete the lesson and then watch the video(s).

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 New Phrases Submit a Question
しゃ
 New Words Submit a Question
しゃ
 New Words 2 Submit a Question
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 New Words 3 Submit a Question
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 Chizu Challenge Submit a Question
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 YesJapan Kana Attack! Submit a Question
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 YesJapan Strike! Submit a Question
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 Ask-A-Teacher 

There are currently no questions for this lesson.